Three qualities of color in painting artwork consist of hue, value, and intensity. In photography, lightness and saturation are used, whereas hue generally applies to both. Below, I have try to use some illustrations and simple definition to explain the three qualities.
- Hue – The aspect of color that distinguished it from another color. It is easily identify as rich and pure pigment. Such as cadmium red color, ultramarine blue color, lemon yellow color, or emerald green color.
- Value – The aspect of color that determined how much light or darkness. In other words, the amount of white present in the color. Red color with lower value or too light, will turn palish, instead of cadmium red.
- Intensity – The aspect of color that control the dominance of hue, describing how vivid or dull it is compared to its pure quality. Lesser saturation of blue will turn grayish, instead of ultramarine blue.